Today, we’ll focus on three -ire verbs, all in the present tense, and all irregular verbs. What that means is the endings do not follow the same pattern as the -are and -ere verbs we have looked at in the past several weeks. But don’t worry, these three -ire verbs are rather simple to learn. They include capire (to understand), partire (to leave) and venire (to come). Learn these -ire verbi, along with the -are- and -ere verbi and you will be speaking Italian in no time!
These verbs, like all verbs, are conjugated into singular (I, you, he, she or it) and plural (we, you, they) – those new to learning Italian will likely find that you will most often use the present tense of I, you (singular) and we.
CAPIRE (TO UNDERSTAND)
Singular: Capisco (I understand) Capisci (you understand) Capisce (he or she understands)
Plural: Capiamo (we understand) Capite (you understand) Capiscono (they understand)
Some examples include: Non capisco (I do not understand). Capisci? (Do you understand?). Capiscono niente (They understand nothing).
PARTIRE (TO LEAVE)
Singular: Parto (I leave) Parti (you leave) Parte (he, she or it leaves)
Plural: Partiamo (we leave) Partite (you leave) Partono (they leave)
Some examples include: Parto domani (I leave tomorrow). Quando parti? (When do you leave?) Partiamo per Lucca oggi (We leave for Lucca today).
VENIRE (TO COME)
Singular: Vengo (I come) Vieni (you come) Viene (he, she or it comes)
Plural: Veniamo (we come) Venite (you come) Vengono (they come)
Some examples include: Vengo a Lucca ogni anno (I come to Lucca every year). Quando vieni? (When do you come?). Vengono spesso (They come often).
Next week we’ll begin an indepth look at two of the most important Italian verbs, avere (to have) and essere (to be).
Until then, ciao amici,